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Hemoglobin and end-organ damage in individuals with sickle cell disease


Hemoglobin and end-organ damage in individuals with sickle cell disease

Ershler WB, De Castro LM, Pakbaz Z, et al. Hemoglobin and end-organ damage in individuals with sickle cell disease. Curr Ther Res Clin Exp. 2023;98:100696. Published 2023 Feb 23. doi:10.1016/j.curtheres.2023.100696

Abstract and paper first published:



Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited, chronic, multifaceted blood disorder. Patients with SCD develop anemia, which has been associated with end-organ damage (EOD).



This retrospective, observational, repeated-measures study systematically characterizes the relationship between hemoglobin (Hb) level and EOD in adolescent and adult patients with SCD.



The study population comprised patients with SCD aged ≥12 years with available Hb data from a US provider-centric healthcare database. For each patient, each Hb value over time was included as a separate observation. Study outcomes—the onset of any new EOD, including chronic kidney disease, pulmonary hypertension, stroke, and leg ulcer—were ascertained during the 1-year period after each Hb assessment. The association between Hb levels and risk of new EOD was estimated using multivariable generalized estimating equations.



A total of 16,043 unique patients with SCD contributed 44,913 observations. Adjusted odds of any EOD during the 1-year follow-up were significantly lower with higher Hb level. Risk reductions with higher Hb levels for chronic kidney disease, pulmonary hypertension, and leg ulcer were comparable. The risk of new EOD was significantly lower among adolescent and adult patients with higher Hb levels.



In patients with SCD, higher Hb levels are associated with a reduced risk of developing EOD. Therapeutic strategies that result in higher Hb levels may offer clinical and economic value for patients with SCD. (Curr Ther Res Clin Exp. 2023; 84:XXX-XXX.)

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